It’s National Foot Health Awareness Month: Top Five Foot Problems Explained


Your feet take a good amount of daily abuse from running, walking and jumping, so of course they are subjected to a variety of different problems. There are several different types of damage that can lead to foot problems. Today, Dr. Joel Segalman and Dr. Stephen Lazaroff at Performance Foot & Ankle Specialists, LLC are sharing information regarding the top five. 

This article highlights some of the most common foot issues, what causes them, and when to pursue treatment. 

1. Athlete's foot: This is most commonly the result of walking in damp areas, and it can be extremely contagious. Athlete's foot is a fungal infection typically found between the toes, but it can spread and cause significant discomfort and even pain.

Combat it by keeping your feet clean and dry. Antifungal treatments are available in most drugstores, but if the fungus appears to be worsening after treatment, it’s time to see a podiatrist

2. Diabetic neuropathy: People who suffer from diabetes are more disposed to variations in blood sugar levels. Diabetic neuropathy is not one single condition, but a group of conditions that damage the feet. Over time, high blood sugar levels can cause damage to the nerves, especially in the feet. Controlling blood sugar levels and regular foot exams can help treat this condition.  

3. Bunions: These are typically the result of wearing tight or narrow footwear.

Bunions are irregularities of the feet that result in a bump on the large toe joint that causes the big toe to turn slightly inward. Conventional treatment will usually improve the symptoms. Wear properly-fitting shoes that don’t have extremely high heels or insert a bunion pad to protect it from additional pressure. A podiatrist can prescribe custom orthotics that can straighten the big toe.  

4. Ingrown toenails: This condition can cause discomfort and become infected if left untreated. Ingrown toenails typically occur when the toenail begins to grow into the nail groove, resulting in significant pain and discomfort. They are usually the result of wearing poorly-fitting shoes or cutting the toenails too short. If the toenail is infected or home care doesn’t improve the condition, it’s time to visit your podiatrist. 

5. Plantar fasciitis: This condition is the most common cause of heel pain, and it occurs when the plantar fascia located on the bottom of the foot becomes swollen.

Most people can manage plantar fasciitis by resting the foot and applying ice. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen can help with pain management. 

If you are dealing with these or any other problems with your feet, contact the offices of  Dr. Joel Segalman and Dr. Stephen Lazaroff at Performance Foot & Ankle Specialists, LLC today to schedule a consultation. You can reach our Waterbury office at (203) 755-0489 or our Newtown location at (203) 270-6724.